A study on the socio demographic profile , nutritional status, dietary pattern and impact of nutrition education programme on transwomen residing in Kancheepuram and Thiruvallur Districts, Tamil Nadu, India

Vinodha Evangeline, J. and Dr. Annette Beatrice

Background: Transwomen usually they face problems like deprivation, lack of nutritious meal, lack of awareness about importance of balanced diet, and thereby they are prone to many non communicable diseases. There is inadequate research in India about the health aspects among the transgender community. Hence, it is necessary to study about their consumption pattern in detail and create awareness through nutrition program to overcome wide scale nutritional ignorance among them. Aims & Objective: The present study is used to elicit socio demographic profile and to assess the nutritional status using anthropometric measurements and dietary pattern using a 24 hour recall method. To conduct and assess the impact of the nutrition education program using a pretest and post test questionnaire. Material & Methods: This experimental research was carried out on hundred transwomen, between 20 and 60 years of age residing in Kancheepuram and Thiruvallur districts using an interview schedule. Anthropometric measurements such as height, body weight, Body Mass Index (BMI), body fat percentage were assessed and their dietary practices was analysed using a 24 hour recall method and the data were calculated and validated using Annapurna diet software. Pamphlets, flex and recipe booklets were prepared and used as tools for nutrition education programme. Pre test and post test questionnaire were used to assess the impact of the nutrition education programme. Results: Ninety six percent of the transwomen were non vegetarians, and only 3 percent were vegetarians. The mean height of the transwomen is 164.85±6.24 cm, the mean body weight is 72.61±15.6 kg which is above than the normal reference weight and the mean daily energy intake is 1906 k cal/day. Carbohydrates constitute about 271.5 g, protein intake is 58.9g and fat intake is 64.7 g which is thrice that of the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA). Conclusion: Nutrition education program should be conducted periodically to improve their health status, dietary practices and to overcome wide scale nutritional ignorance among them.

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